The appellation of Pessac-Leognan was created in 1987 from the section of the Graves district south of Bordeaux city. Some of the vineyards are surrounded by the development of the Bordeaux suburbs. Pessac and Leognan, the key towns in the appellation form part of the suburban sprawl, with vineyards next to houses and industrial estates.
Graves means gravel and Bordeaux’s reputation as a great wine region has been built on the gravel. Papé Clement was the first identifiable vineyard in Bordeaux.
Pessac-Leognan has gravel terraces, great for drainage, and for the vines. Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Cabernet Franc are the major red grape varieties. White wines are made from Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon.
The red wines of Pessac-Leognan have a rich and flamboyant style, developing deep and spicy flavours with age. The Pessac-Leognan dry whit wines are smooth, fresh and fruity and can be kept for more than 10 years.